Accelerating innovation in formulation, materials and manufacturing

The UK’s National Formulation Centre

CPI works to develop, de-risk and accelerate your new products and processes to market. We achieve this by using innovative formulation technologies harnessing our expertise and state-of-the-art facilities and equipment, alongside a deep knowledge of the funding landscape. 


Optimising your materials, formulations, technologies and manufacturing processes is a crucial part of turning your great idea into a commercial success. CPI Formulation has world-class skills, analytics and equipment to achieve this. Housed in industry-relevant facilities, we offer tailored solutions for developing and optimising your liquid and powder formulations, nanomaterials, composites, chemical processes and new technologies.

Through advanced experimentation, data analytics, modelling & simulation, as well as our process engineering expertise, we can help you gain a deeper understanding of your product and manufacturing process giving you full confidence in your material, formulation and technology decisions. Our extensive capabilities and industrial experience will help you develop, optimise and scale up faster, bringing your improved product, process or technology to market sooner. 

Our technologies

Formulation is used across diverse markets to produce a wide variety of everyday as well as extraordinary products, for example, when producing medication tablets containing active pharmaceutical ingredients or creating the ideal paint, coating, detergent; through to complex and specialist industrial products such as composites for aircraft or batteries for electric vehicles. 

Formulation science is a complex area involving the creation of multi-component, often multi-phase, products delivering benefit to the end-user or consumer. It is therefore crucial that the manufacture of these products is competitive globally.

CPI gives you access to our state-of-the-art facilities and the expertise of our highly skilled people, enabling you to overcome processing and product challenges and bring your great ideas to market faster. 

Enabling innovation

We can help you overcome challenges in formulation, processing and scale-up, providing novel solutions tailored to your platform and technology requirements.

Our cross-sector expertise and knowledge allow us to drive innovation in product formulation and process optimisation across a wide range of market sectors. Our focus areas include sustainable battery materials, sustainable polymers, plastics and packaging, nanotherapeutics, fast-moving consumer goods (FMCG) including paint, home and personal care, food and drink, agritech and sustainable composites and advanced materials, all underpinned by advanced digital solutions and sustainable process technologies. 

We can help you with...

  • Battery Materials
  • Polymers, Plastics and Packaging
  • Nanotherapeutics
  • Fast-moving Consumer Goods
  • Agritech and Agrichemicals
  • Composites and Advanced Materials
  • Process Technology

For more information

Melanie Geer

Melanie Geer

Business Development Manager



Operating from purpose-built laboratories which enable industry-leading safe handling of nanomaterials, we specialise in the functionalisation, dispersion and characterisation of nanomaterials, including nano-powders (multi-kg), nanofluids and solid nanocomposites. We use nanomaterials to impart a range of properties into new products and processes including improvements in thermal, electrical, mechanical and barrier properties. Nano-enhanced materials developed in our laboratories see adoption across a range of market sectors from printed electronics to energy storage, from packaging to speciality chemicals. 

Safe handling of nanomaterials 

  • Nano-enabled glove box, downflow booths, respiratory PPE etc
  • Enables clients to safely develop and test prototype products and processes containing nanomaterials before committing to Capex on similar equipment in their own facilities

Functionalisation and dispersion 

  • Nanomaterial functionalisation used to increase compatibility with solvents, polymeric binders, resins etc
  • Both wet and dry nanomaterial functionalisation capabilities
  • Dispersion is enabled via a range of mixing techniques and shear conditions traversing volumes from 10’s of mls to 10’s of litres

Nanomaterial characterisation 

  • Structure and morphology: RAMAN spectroscopy, electron and atomic force microscopy
  • Nanofluids: rheology, dispersion stability, particle size
  • Performance Measurements: powder resistivity, sheet resistance, bulk conductivity, surface energy, adhesion, tensile strength, thermal conductivity

Colloid science

We support our customers to develop and optimise a range of product types such as emulsions, dispersions and the application of encapsulated additives destined for the coatings, nanomedicines and consumer products markets. These can be made at a range of scales and our labs include continuous micromixing pilot lines suitable for producing e.g. nanomedicines for use in targeted drug delivery.

We use a range of measurement techniques including rheology, particle sizing and zeta potential which provide valuable insights into product dispersion and stability properties and enable formulations to be developed with the desired product attributes. We have techniques to measure the stability of dispersions and emulsions in real-time or at accelerated timescales. 


  • Encapsulation of formulation components for a range of product types and market sectors
  • Range of mixing techniques for encapsulating additives, from batch to continuous and scale-up
  • Analysis and characterisation of encapsulation efficiency


  • Stability of emulsions, dispersions and encapsulated active ingredients in formulated products
  • Measurement of stability in dilute and concentrated dispersions/​emulsions to characterise and predict product shelf life and failure mechanisms

Complex medicines capability 

  • Develop, optimise and scale processes across a range of organic and inorganic nanoparticle architectures
  • Development and scale-up of purification strategies in both continuous and batch modes
  • Formulation through the use of cryoprotectants for successful lyophilisation and freeze drying cycle development

Polymer processing and composites

Polymer processing capabilities via extrusion are combined with significant polymer chemistry expertise to allow for bespoke product development in areas such as more sustainable packaging, biodegradable plastics and novel 3D printable polymers. This polymer blending capability is complemented with an ability to incorporate nanomaterials (and other powder and liquid additives) into both thermoplastics (via additive feed extrusion) and thermosets (via dispersion in precursor resins). Demonstration of these novel polymeric blends in use is also possible in our laboratories using our in-house 3D printing, injection moulding and resin infusion capabilities. 

Extrusion of novel thermoplastic polymer blends 

  • Extruder process optimisation
  • Product development – identifying optimal blend ratios

Additive incorporation into thermoplastics/​thermosets

  • Ability to incorporate powders and liquid additives
  • Thermoplastic and thermoset nanocomposites
  • Master-batching capability

Demonstration-in-use: additive manufacturing, injection moulding and resin infusion 

  • Open source thermoplastic (FDM) 3D printing, photopolymer (SLA) 3D printing, 3D CAD design and bespoke mould creation
  • Resin infusion of novel resin/​additive blends in fibre-based composite systems
  • Injection moulding of components for application testing

Material and formulation optimisation

By applying scientific knowledge to link a formulation and/​or material’s structure to its application performance, CPI can provide knowledge-based optimisation of material design. Characterisation enables quantification of performance or composition using techniques that assess a wide range of both surface and bulk properties for a given material/​formulation. In combination with in-house expertise across a range of industries, these techniques can be combined to give insightful information to improve a product’s performance. 

Surface and bulk property relationships 

Through understanding the impact of surface and bulk properties on the performance of a material or formulation, CPI can adapt and redesign to improve products across a range of industries. Measurements include: 

  • Microscopy and spectroscopy
  • Thermal, mechanical, electrical and barrier 
  • Tribological and accelerated ageing 
  • Liquid and gas chromatography

Interfacial properties 

Understanding the complex chemical interaction between interfaces and their effect on performance e.g. coatings and adhesion

Improved material selection 

By applying knowledge from across industry sectors, CPI has the skills to help customers by highlighting alternative materials to improve performance, sustainability, and cost.

Automated experimentation

We support companies with rapid and efficient generation of robust data sets using automated experimentation and screening methods; enabling our clients to evaluate automated methods and investigate a much broader range of formulation possibilities. We have experience across a wide range of market sectors e.g. FMCG, inks and coatings, batteries, lubricants, adhesives. 

Our Automated Formulation laboratory is equipped to handle and process most types of materials and screen for a wide range of properties including mechanical, thermal, stability, optical and surface, chemical, and electrical.

Workflow and experimental design 

  • Design Analysis of your existing lab workflows and specification
  • Development of bespoke automated workflows
  • Proof of concept studies to demonstrate automated methods
  • Application of conventional DoE and Machine Learning techniques to produce optimised experimental design

Automated materials handling and processing 

  • Safely dispense mobile, viscous and highly viscous liquids, pastes, slurries, waxes, powders, granular and nanomaterials
  • Automated coating, drawdown and mould fill Invasive and non-invasive mixing methods available, including impeller, high shear rotor-stator, vortexing, and dual asymmetric centrifuge (DAC)
  • Ability to interrogate key process parameters at reduced scale

Characterisation and screening 

  • Understand the impact of formulation and process parameters on key product attributes: stability, rheology, particle size, surface tension, chemical composition, pH
  • Characterise and screen products in final form: optical and spectroscopic, electrical, mechanical, thermal and surface properties
  • Microfluidic approaches to understanding formulation stability

Modelling, informatics and data science

CPI has recognised expertise in mechanistic and data-driven model building. Our mechanistic capability allows us to develop simulations of fluid, particulate and bulk solid systems.

We have recognised expertise in data – driven model building for calibration, process development, soft sensor development and mode-based process control. With experience in implementation of online measurement for liquid and particulate systems our diverse set of PAT instrumentation can be used to probe and control liquid, slurry and granular material processes. 

Fluid, particulate and mechanical simulations 

  • Study and optimisation of fluid, particulate and slurry flows using Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) and Discrete Element Modelling (DEM)
  • Design of equipment such as stirred tanks, storage hoppers, pumps, powder and fluid mixers, conveyors and sampling interfaces 
  • Finite Element Analysis (FEA) for the design of packages, equipment components and other structures where shape and strength characteristics are important

Data modelling 

  • Use of multi-variate statistical and machine learning techniques to develop empirical data models
  • Verification of empirical models against a broad corpus of technical knowledge available in CPI

Model-based process control 

  • PAT and sensor-based measurements
  • Chemometric calibration model building
  • Soft sensor development
  • Build and deployment of full process control model

Process optimisation and scale-up

Your lab-scale process or pre-lab idea is transferred into our own labs where our global award-winning team uses our state-of-the-art facilities to develop and optimise your process, ensuring its robustness and suitability for scale-up to commercial plant. The experimental results we generate are used in the early stage Process Engineering design of your commercial-scale plant, typically giving you a pre-FEED (Front End Engineering Design) report which can be used to attract future funding. 

Scale-up and mixing rig has the exciting capability with inline measurement of viscosity and particle size and shape; software capability to achieve model predictive control; supporting soft sensor development.

Digitally-enabled test bed for innovation in liquid formulation manufacturability 

  • 1 – 1000L temperature-controlled stirred tanks
  • PAT-enabled advanced model-based process control
  • Rapid and robust process scale-up
  • Testing new sensors and measurement technologies in an industrially relevant environment
  • Establish manufacturing control schemes
  • Validation of PAT tools/​measurement methods
  • Development of chemometric calibration and process models
  • Soft sensor development and validation

PAT-enabled powder twin-screw wet granulation 

  • Unique sampling interface to enable the presentation of powder samples to PAT instruments 
  • Online particle size and shape measurement through image analysis and Near Infra-Red techniques
  • Online moisture measurement via Near Infra-Red techniques
  • Online composition measurement via Raman techniques

Batch to continuous processing 

  • Over 10 years of experience of continuous or flow chemistry on multiple projects with a wide range of clients from SMEs to global pharmaceutical companies, at both laboratory and pilot-scale
  • Understand underlying chemistry to design a suitable flow reactor system

Process engineering design

CPI’s global award-winning Process Technology team has significant experience in the development of new and novel processes and technologies across all processing industries. We help you throughout your journey to commercialisation, by providing engineering services which include: 

  • Technology assessments 
  • Concept studies 
  • Design and commissioning support 
  • Economic assessments 

We use the same approach to help you to improve and optimise existing processes on your journey to Net Zero.

Technology assessments 

Technology assessments occur at any stage of technology development and can be adapted to meet your needs, e.g. a technology commercialisation risk assessment provides an overview of the key process risks for scaling up and commercialising the technology.

Concept studies 

Fundamental engineering design taking information from initial laboratory experiments and literature reviews to produce an initial engineering design. Most studies would include at least the following key deliverables: 

  • Boundary limit definitions
  • Process flow
  • Heat and mass balances
  • Equipment design basis
  • Process hazard assessments
  • Control and operating philosophies

Design and commissioning support 

Engineering design support provides technical input into detailed design, procurement, installation, commissioning and operation of a process; ensuring that the process is designed, built and operated in line with its technical and commercial requirements.

Economic assessments 

An economic assessment determines the economic viability of a process by estimating its capital and operating costs, the distribution of costs throughout the process, and highlighting which steps are major contributors and where improvements could be made.

Powder technology and processing

Powders are everywhere! From consumer products such as detergents and instant coffee to agrochemicals and pharmaceuticals. Due to their complex nature, powders can pose many challenges such as segregation, poor flow and dissolution. CPI’s powder technology and processing capability comprises a state-of-the-art lab equipped with a range of powder processing and characterisation capabilities as well as a team of scientists and engineers highly experienced in powder processing. This allows us to help you by: 

  • Developing new formulations and processes for the manufacture of powders via blending, granulation, coating, tabletting etc. 
  • Measuring and improving the quality of powdered products in areas such as flow and dissolution. 
  • Improving process control through the use of Process Analytical Technologies

Developing new formulations and processes 

CPI’s powder technology and processing capability has a range of prototyping equipment designed to allow new processing routes to be evaluated. Some highlights:

  • Granulation
  • Tabletting
  • Coating
  • Dry blending
  • Containment capability for handling hazardous materials

Measuring and improving quality 

  • Powder flowability using a range of techniques
  • Particle size using conventional sieve based as well as laser diffraction techniques 
  • Particle and tablet strength using a range of impact, shear and compression-based methods 
  • Moisture sensitivity using dynamic vapour sorption and water activity methods 
  • Powder and tablet dissolution

Improving process control 

At CPI we have the capability to help clients evaluate online sensors and develop model-based process control techniques for powder processes: 

  • A multi-PAT powder stream conditioning chute to enable simultaneous online measurements from multiple probes in a continuous stream
  • Near Infra-Red, Raman and image analysis-based PAT technologies for online measurement of moisture, particle size and composition

For more information

Melanie Geer

Melanie Geer

Business Development Manager


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CPI is your innovation partner to make your ideas a reality.